According to the 2022 census data, Serbia has a population of 6.6 million, which is a significant decrease compared to the last population census in 2011 when Serbia had a population of 7.27 million. Of the population, 51.4% are women, and 48.6% are men, with an average age of 43.85 years. The most numerous age group consists of 502 thousand people aged 65 to 69. There are 2.58 million households in Serbia, with an average of 2.55 members per household.

The results of the latest census show that, despite the aging of society, the literacy rate is
increasing. The number of people with higher and tertiary education has increased from 6% in 1981 to 22.44% in 2022.

The results of the 2022 population census show that, of the total population aged 15 and older, 5.6 million are literate, and 357,406 are illiterate. There is a significantly higher number of illiterate women (247 thousand) compared to illiterate men (110 thousand). In the population aged 10 and older, in terms of literacy, 0.63% are illiterate (with a higher proportion of women, at 71%). More than half of the illiterate population is over 65 years old.

Nearly 58 thousand people have no formal education, and nearly 300 thousand people have incomplete primary education, which is 4.5% of the total population.

Although, according to the 2022 census, there are 45.73% of computer-literate individuals, 24.19% are considered computer illiterate.

The latest official statistics from the Republic of Serbia Statistical Office show that the
employment rate for the first quarter of 2023 is 49.6%, with an unemployment rate of 10.1%.

The official language is Serbian. In terms of ethnicity, the Republic of Serbia is a multinational community. In addition to Serbs, who make up 80.6% (5,360,239), the largest minority group is Hungarians (184,442).

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